A. inaequidens. This huge, wild agave, harvested at higher altitudes in the hills of Cotija, can exceed 2.0 meters in height.Its long, wider, pine-needle-green leaves are fewer in number than on other agaves, but hold more water, as does the piña. Thus, these massive plants have lower Brix and yields than other species.
Wild A. cupreata (see below). Because this wild agave competes in nature with grass, brush, and trees, and frequently grows in more shade than when cultivated, it tends to be darker green in color.
A. cupreata. Both wild and cultivated, and shorter but wider in size than other species, this agave takes up more space on the ground. Its wide, bright green leaves have copper-colored spines on the end and fold over, some say resembling a butterfly.
A. augustifolia var. espadín (from espada, “sword,” for its leaf shape). A small espadín, the predominate agave in the state of Oaxaca, with long, narrow leaves. Currently classified as an A. Sp by the CRM (Consejo Regulador de Mezcal).
A. salmiana. Named for a German botanist, this agave has flared, thick, dark green leaves, and is known locally as verde (“green”). An agave known for producing aguamiel of which Pulque is produced.
A. tequilana. Also known as Weber’s blue agave (named for an Austrian botanist), this species has three- to four-foot-long, narrow, blue-grey hued leaves, similar to A. augustifolia var. espadín, the primary agave of Oaxaca.
A. sp. (unspecified agave). Cultivated around Jiquilpan and Sahuayo, north of Cotija, this agave is locally knowas cenizo (“ash”) for the greyish tone of its leaves and chato for a unique wider point in it’s penca. Tall, up to 2.3 meters, it has “sword-like” or “spady” leaves similar to A. tequilana or A. augustifloria var. espadín. Its piñas tend to be large in size and weight.